Eastman Rock Crusher

Eastman Rock Crusher

Sand Washing Process

What is Water Washed Sand?

Washed sand is the sand in the general old riverbed of the river, which is washed and graded into raw sand, and its mud content (mass fraction) ≤ 1.0%. In short, water-washed sand is the construction sand that meets the national construction standard after natural silica sand is cleaned by a sand washer.


The natural sand is sent to the sand washer for cleaning, and the finished product after cleaning is water-washed sand. Through the washing process of sand and gravel raw materials, the particle size of finished products can be effectively standardized. The particle size of finished products can be combined and separated according to the needs of users. At present, the main specifications are 4-8 mesh, 8-16 mesh, 16-30 mesh, 30-60 mesh, 40-70 mesh, 70-100 mesh, etc.

Production Process Flow Chart of Sand Washing

Although water-washed sand is a kind of natural sand, it also needs to be treated to be better used in construction. The process flow of water-washed sand processing is as follows: the water-washed sand is transported to the vibrating screen through the silo for water washing and screening, and the screened materials are then transported to the impeller sand washer for water washing. The water-washed materials are sent to the dewatering screen for dehydration treatment. The sand washing wastewater enters the fine sand reclaimer through the chute for sediment separation and fine sand extraction, and the finished sand is obtained after a series of treatments.

sand washing process

1. For finished sand treatment
Process flow: silo → sand washer → conveyor.

2. For raw sand treatment
Process flow: silo → vibrating feeder → jaw crusher (coarse crushing) → impact crusher or cone crusher (fine crushing) → sand making machine → vibrating screen → sand washing machine → conveyor.

Water sand washing equipment: the silo, vibrating feeder, crusher, sand washing machine, fine sand recycling machine, vibrating screen, and other equipment.


No matter what kind of water sand washing process, the recommended sand washing machine is a wheel sand washing machine. Wheel sand washing machine is also called an impeller sand washing machine. It is a wheel bucket sand washing equipment used in conjunction with sand making machine. It is an important piece of equipment for washing machine-made sand and natural sand. It can wash away trace stone powder and impurities in the mixed sand produced by sand making machine and improve the quality of sand.


The sand washing equipment adopts advanced technology and is developed in combination with the actual situation of the domestic sand and gravel industry. It is mainly used for washing, grading, and dehydration of quartz sand in construction sites, sand and gravel plants, concrete prefabrication plants of hydropower stations, glass plants, and pressure sand for oil well backfilling.


Fine sand process of wheel sand washer: the sand in the wheel bucket sand washer is continuously stirred, kneaded, collided, and rubbed by the rotating auger, so as to destroy the water vapor layer covering the sand and remove the impurities covering the sand surface. Then the sand is continuously pushed by the auger and finally discharged from the discharge end of the sand washer. In order to better clean the sand to reach the mud content specified in the national standard, the sand washer manufacturer uses two-wheel bucket sand washers in series to stir, knead and rub the sand for a long time. The water vapor layer on the sand surface cleaned by two-wheel bucket sand washing machines has been destroyed, and most of it has been discharged with the sewage.


How Much Water Does It Take to Wash a Square of Sand?

How to treat the sewage after sand washing? How much water do you need? In fact, the water is circulating water. Generally, about 1-3 sedimentation tanks can be set behind the sand washing machine. The sewage after washing the sand flows into the sedimentation tank, and an appropriate amount of flocculant is added to allow the sand washing sewage to complete the precipitation of impurities such as soil and wood in a short time, and the clear water above can be used for sand washing again.

If the sedimentation tank is not set, about 2-3.5 m3 of water is required for cleaning 1 m3 of sand. After the action of the sedimentation tank, the wastewater can be utilized. About 0.1-0.3 m3 of water is consumed for cleaning 1 m3 of sand. In addition, because the sand washing water is circulating and will not freeze when the sand washing machine is working, the water in the water tank shall be drained when it is stopped at night.

How Much Does It Cost to Wash a Ton of Sand?

The cost of washing sand with one ton of water generally includes site cost (various certificates, site rent), equipment cost, labor cost, etc., of which equipment cost is the main cost.


How much does it cost to buy a set of sand washing equipment?
According to the market, there are great differences. Due to different process flow design and equipment configuration, the selection of model, output and purchase in different time periods will also lead to differences in transaction price. Moreover, each sand washer manufacturer has different workmanship, material selection and sales mode, which will also affect the overall quotation. Generally, the price of a small-scale sand washing equipment is 10000-20000, and that of a large-scale one is about 100000. If the production scale is relatively large, it is almost hundreds of thousands. The details are given by the actual sand washing equipment manufacturer. At present, this rough algorithm has been adopted, and it can be won by setting up a small sand washing field with a difference of about 100000. Of course, this is only an estimate, The specific cost should be calculated according to your needs!


How much is a set of sand washing equipment?
You can find out directly through online consultation. You can enjoy the factory direct sales discount. Our sales manager will provide you with a detailed list. We are professional and usually design the best case for you.

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